Epidemiological study of the pediatric mandibular condylar fractures (the outcomes of the management); Retrospective Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo university, Egypt

2 Public Health and Community Medicine, Kasr Al-Ainy School of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt


Purpose: In our study, the characteristics, conservative cure strategies and long-term results of mandibular pediatric condylar fractures treated in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery department, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University in the previous 10 years have been evaluated.
Material and Methods: This retrospective study with the participation of pediatric patients with mandibular condylar fractures who had been dealt with in the Oral and Maxillofacial surgery department were selected from the paper and computerized archived files related to the conservative therapy applied.
Statistical analyses have been carried out with SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) for IBM 25 bundle program.
Results: It was found that 67% of the pediatric traumatized patients had mandibular condylar fractures, and 72.4% had unilateral condyle fractures. It was as soon determined that 59.5% of the pediatric victims underwent conservative measures only.
Conclusion: Falls from bicycles and traffic accidents, which are the most causative factors for this type of fracture, with a higher incidence in the ratio of boys to girls, and prolonged follow-up proved that severe occlusive disorder in adulthood is the most common complication of bilateral pediatric fracture associated with open-bite managed with inadequate conservative measures in childhood.